The ability to organize includes simple tasks such as brushing your teeth to more complex things such as moving to a new town. Organization is defined as the process of determining a start and end point to a task, sequence the steps to complete the task, and using logic to shift and make changes to the task as needed. For a person with a brain injury, some or all of these skills may be impaired.
Challenges that are often seen following a brain injury may be:
- Inability to concentrate on a task.
- Difficulty sorting and filtering information.
- Challenges prioritizing tasks.
- Thinking ahead and planning accordingly.
- Poor time management.
- Impaired memory for what has been done and needs to be done.
- Takes longer to process information and complete tasks.
Effective strategies include:
- Create structure/routines during the day with predictable events.
- Complete activities the same way, each time.
- Keep a whiteboard or calendar for important information.
- Develop systems for tracking appointments, sorting mail, and bill paying.
- Organize items in environment by likeness, use, or similarity.
Organization skills are highly influenced by other cognitive processes such as attention, memory, problem solving, and awareness.