Organization Issues & Strategies

The ability to organize includes simple tasks such as brushing your teeth to more complex things such as moving to a new town. Organization is defined as the process of determining a start and end point to a task, sequence the steps to complete the task, and using logic to shift and make changes to the task as needed. For a person with a brain injury, some or all of these skills may be impaired.

Challenges that are often seen following a brain injury may be:

  • Inability to concentrate on a task.
  • Difficulty sorting and filtering information.
  • Challenges prioritizing tasks.
  • Thinking ahead and planning accordingly.
  • Poor time management.
  • Impaired memory for what has been done and needs to be done.
  • Takes longer to process information and complete tasks.

Effective strategies include:

  • Create structure/routines during the day with predictable events.
  • Complete activities the same way, each time.
  • Keep a whiteboard or calendar for important information.
  • Develop systems for tracking appointments, sorting mail, and bill paying.
  • Organize items in environment by likeness, use, or similarity.


Organization skills are highly influenced by other cognitive processes such as attention, memory, problem solving, and awareness.