TitleSummaryTagsLinkdoc_tags_hfilter
10 Self Advocacy Tips

This document provides 10 tips PWBI can use to advocate for themselves in everyday life situations.

Advocacyadvocacy
10 Things You Should Know About Behavior & Brain Injury

This article explores the unique issues around brain injury and behavior.

Behaviorbehavior
It’s Okay Not To Be Okay

Mental Healthmental-health
Domestic Violence and TBI Pocket Card

This tip card provides information on one of the most unrecognized consequences of domestic violence: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI).

Education Accommodations After High School

Education accommodation is any change or adjustment to required tasks or the classroom that allows students with disabilities to have an equal opportunity to experience education just like other students.

5 Dimensions of TBI-Related Irritability

The five dimensions of TBI-related irritability: affective, behavioral, cognitive/perceptual, relational, and environmental.

Behaviorbehavior
9 Things NOT to Say to Someone With A Brain Injury

Brain injury is confusing to people who don’t have one. Here are a few things you might find yourself saying that are probably not helpful.

A Fact Sheet for School Nurses

A Fact Sheet for Teachers, Counselors, and School Professionals

The potential for a concussion is greatest during activities where collisions can occur, such as during physical education (PE) class, playground time, or school-based sports activities. Teachers and school counselors may be the first to notice changes in their students.

Concussionconcussion
A Fact Sheet for teachers, Counselors, and School Professionals

A Manual for the Glasgow Outcome Scale – Extended Interview

A Survival Guide to Medication Management

One of the most time-consuming and stressful tasks as a caregiver is managing multiple medications and supplements.

Tips and Toolstips-and-tools
Accommodation and Compliance Series: Employees with Brain Injury

JAN’s Accommodation and Compliance Series is designed to help employers determine effective accommodations and comply with Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).

Acupuncture

Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation

Alcohol Use After Traumatic Brain Injury

Anger and Depression

Common changes in emotion after a TBI are anger and depression.

Behaviorbehavior
Anger – Signs & Coping Strategies

The most common signs, triggers, and coping strategies for anger.

Behaviorbehavior
Are Your Medicines Increasing Your Risk of a Fall or Car Crash?

3 in 4 older adults take at least 1 medicine commonly linked to falls or car crashes. Older adults (65 years and older) are at a greater risk if they use any medicine with side effects that can cause problems with how they think and remember, and the way their bodies perform.

Area Agencies on Aging Description

Assessment and Treatment of Brain Injury in Women Impacted by Intimate Partner Violence and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

At-Home Activities to Improve Cognition

Ideas, activities, and strategies for improving cognition, including memory, problem-solving, orientation, organization, and reasoning.

Cognitioncognition
Attention and Concentration Problems

People who have sustained a brain injury may not immediately recognize that their ability to concentrate has changed, which can lead to misunderstandings when others perceive an inability to concentrate as a lack of intelligence or motivation.

Cognitioncognition
Attention Challenges Following TBI: Overview and Treatment Strategies

The nature and frequency of attention lapses following a TBI can regularly disrupt daily activities at home, work, and in the community. This research brief provides an overview of attention challenges following TBI and treatment approaches for managing these challenges.

Cognitioncognition
Balance After Traumatic Brain Injury

Balance and Dizziness After Brain Injury

Brain Injury and Housing Quick Guide

From budgeting and paying bills to making sure housing is safe and accessible, there is a lot to consider when finding and securing housing. Locating affordable, stable housing is difficult, and wait lists are long across the state; if someone requires supervision or daily assistance with self-care or household tasks, those places can be even harder to come by. There are resources available, and this Quick Guide tells you how to get started and where to find help.

Brain Injury Basics Quick Guide

The brain can be hurt in many different ways: falls, sports, car accidents, assaults, strokes, and brain tumors are some of the most common types of injuries. Brain injuries can be either traumatic or non-traumatic, but can cause similar problems in a person’s life.

Brain Injury & Opioids

Brain Mapping Video

Brain maps show the inner workings of the brain and how it is able to transmit information. They can be used to study neurological disorders and inform better diagnostic and treatment procedures.

Breathing Retraining

Everyone knows that breathing is an essential part of life, but did you know that breathing plays an essential role in anxiety? This information sheet will briefly discuss the role of breathing in anxiety and guide you through a simple breathing retraining technique that uses breathing patterns to help deal with anxiety.

Camp Bruce McCoy 2022 Counselor Recruitment

Can a Couple’s Intervention Reduce Unmet Needs and Caregiver Burden after Brain Injury?

CDC Heads Up Rocket Blades: The Brain Safety Game

Rocket Blades is a mobile game app developed by the Centers for Disease Control and …

Checklist for Brain Injury Problems and Symptoms

This checklist is a tool to help people with brain injuries prepare for a visit with their doctor to help them better understand the problems that can occur after an injury.

Childhood TBI and the Associations with Risk Behavior in Adolescence and Young Adulthood: A Systematic Review

Clinical Trial Research: What does it Offer?

Clinical trials are research studies in which people may volunteer to participate. The following information offers suggestions for searching for clinical trials and a listing of a sample of clinical trials currently recruiting volunteers.

Cognitive Dysfunction, Brain Volumes, and TBI in Homeless Persons

Cognitive Problems After a Brain Injury

After a TBI it is common for people to have problems with attention, concentration, speech and language, learning and memory, reasoning, planning and problem-solving.

Cognitioncognition
Cognitive Symptoms of Vestibular Disorders

Vestibular disorders can affect your ability to think, specifically to pay attention and concentrate, to remember, to reason, and to problem solve. Often times, you may find you are easily distracted, both by external stimuli (others talking, TV) and by internal stimuli (your thoughts and feelings).

Cognitioncognition
Common Vision Problems & Symptoms Following a Concussion

Following a concussion, there is often an interruption in communication between the eyes and the …

Communication Disorders After a Brain Injury

A brain injury can affect a person’s ability to communicate by impairing their hearing, speech …

Communication Tips for Caregivers

Tips for improving communication between family caregivers and healthcare professionals.

Communicationcommunication
Compassion Fatigue for Caregivers

Are you drained, tapped out, have little energy to give others? We have all been there.

Mental Healthmental-health
Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Concussion and Risk of Chronic Medical and Behavioral Health Comorbidities

Concussion Basics

Concussions are often described as “mild,” but their affects can still be serious and impact …

Concussion Do’s and Don’ts: The First Few Days of Recovery

Concussion recovery is a complex process and can be influenced by individual actions. Knowing what …

Concussion Information for Patients and Families

This Concussion Booklet was created to give you the information you need to know to …

Concussion Recognition and Response for Those with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities

Recognizing concussions in individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities requires a different approach. Current concussion …

Concussion Signs and Symptoms Checklist

Coping with Post-TBI Anxiety & Stress

Following a life-changing event like a brain injury, it’s normal to feel intense stress which can build up and lead to anxiety. Anxiety becomes a significant concern when these feelings intensify to a point where they interfere with the tasks of life.

Depression After Traumatic Brain Injury

Feeling sad is a normal response to the losses and changes a person faces after TBI. There is cause for concern when feeling depressed or losing interest in usual activities occurs at least several days per week and lasts for more than two weeks.

Dizziness

Driving After Traumatic Brain Injury

Effective Video Conferencing Tips for Persons with Brain Injury

Emotional Problems After Traumatic Brain Injury

Epilepsy

Ethical Considerations in Chronic Brain Injury

Evaluation of a Brief, Skill-Building, Supportive, and Educational Intervention for Couples After Brain Injury

Everything You Wanted To Know About Counseling After Brain Injury

Life after a brain injury can be overwhelming for both the survivor and family members. Counseling is simply another form of therapy that helps people recover and adjust emotionally after their accident.

Evidence-based Guideline for Clinicians: Disorders of Consciousness

This systematic review has highlighted the complexities of caring for patients with a prolonged DoC (i.e., lasting 28 days or longer) at every stage. Accurate diagnosis is important to educate families about patients’ level of consciousness and function, to inform prognostic counseling, and to guide treatment decisions.

Evidence-based Guideline for Families and Caregivers: Disorders of Consciousness

Facts about Concussion and Brain Injury

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow, …

Facts About the Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States

Fall Prevention for Adults

Fatigue

Fatigue and Lack of Motivation

Fatigue is a very common outcome after acquiring a brain injury due to the many tiny sites of damage throughout the brain. It is different to the yawning and sleepy feeling of normal fatigue.

Fatigue and Traumatic Brain Injury

Fatigue is a very common problem among all people with TBI. Studies of people with TBI found that between 37% and 98% of them said they had some kind of fatigue.

Fatigue Guidelines

Financial Aid Resources for College

Searching for scholarships for a student with a brain injury may feel overwhelming. The Brain Injury Association developed this resource to assist students and parents in their search.

Financial Resources

This article outlines the different financial resources, benefits and entitlements that may be available for individuals with brain injury and their family.

Frequently Asked Questions About Neuropsychological Evaluations

After an injury or illness that affects the brain, people are commonly referred for neuropsychological evaluation. The purpose of this booklet is to provide answers to the most common questions people have about neuropsychological evaluation.

Geriatric Traumatic Brain Injury

Getting the Most Out of Your Telehealth Visits

Getting Your Life Organized

Strategies for when you feel like you can’t get organized and keep track of your life.

Cognitioncognition
Glossary of Brain Injury Terms

List of commonly used terms to help individuals and family members better understand brain-injury related terms.

Guideline for Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Persistent Symptoms

This guideline can be used by patients when speaking with healthcare providers about their care. …

Headaches after Traumatic Brain Injury

Headaches and Brain Injury

Hearing Problems After A Brain Injury

A brain injury can damage both mechanical and neurological processes and result in a variety of hearing difficulties. Accurate diagnosis and treatment are essential.

Help Your Child Be Successful at School After A TBI

Helping Students Recover from a Concussion: Classroom Tips for teachers

Herbs and Herbal Medicine

Home Fit Guide

Smart ways to make a home comfortable, safe and a great fit for older adults — and people of all ages.

Tips and Toolstips-and-tools
Housing Options/Residential Services for Individuals with Brain Injuries

Housing options for people with brain injury vary greatly in the amount of assistance offered. Public funding for these services are limited.

How Can I Help My Child Recover after a Concussion?

Most children with a concussion, a type of traumatic brain injury, feel better within a …

How Can I Help My Child Recover After a Concussion

How to Document a Brain Injury for Service Elegibility

Depending on the situation, it can be difficult to obtain medical documentation that a brain injury has occurred. When there are no medical records related to the injury that can be obtained, a structured in-depth interview can be utilized to establish a significant and credible history of TBI and document the impact most probably related to a TBI.

How to Hire a Caregiver

Finding the right home care worker for your loved one is an important step.

Tips and Toolstips-and-tools
Impaired Self-Awareness and Brain Injury

Lack of self-awareness is a common outcome for people who sustain brain injuries with frontal lobe damage, which can lead to unrealistic goals such as returning to work despite a severe brain injury.

Behaviorbehavior
Improvement of Communication Skills After TBI: Efficacy of the Cognitive Pragmatic Treatment Program using the Communicative Activities of Daily Living

Impulsive Behavior

Injury to the frontal lobes after a TBI can affect the area of the brain that normally controls our impulses, which can lead to impulsive and inappropriate social behavior.

Behaviorbehavior
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living

Ways to improve or maintain ability to complete important ADLs.

Activities of Daily Livingactivities-of-daily-living
Is It a Psychiatric Disorder or TBI Medical Mimic?

MH 14 Is it a Psychiatric Disorder or TBI Medical Mimic (Psychiatric Times) …

Legal Resources

You and your family may need an attorney’s help navigating life after a brain injury. For most of the issues listed here, it is very important to act early. If you wait too long to take action, evidence can be harder to find and you may lose out on compensation, benefits, and appropriate care.

Life After High School

Long-Lasting Pathological Mental Fatigue After Brain Injury – A Dysfunction in Glutamate Neurotransmission?

Loss of Smell or Taste After Traumatic Brain Injury

Managing Anger & Irritability After TBI – The power of PAUSE

Anger and irritability are common side effects of a brain injury. Here are some strategies to help reduce anger, irritation, and aggression with an acronym to help remember.

Behaviorbehavior
Managing Behavioral Problems During Brain Injury Rehabilitation

Managing Intense Emotions

This article provides information about controlling your anger after an injury, the dangers of anger, recognizing early warning signs for anger, and ideas about how to better control anger.

Medicaid Waivers in Virginia

Medicaid waivers help people with disabilities and the elderly access medical, rehabilitative, and other services in their homes and communities. Medicaid waivers allow the state to waive certain requirements, such as an individual needing to live in an institution to receive some Medicaid benefits.

Memory and Moderate to Severe Brain Injury

This fact sheet explains memory problems that may affect people with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). By understanding the new limits on their memory and ways to help overcome those limits, people with TBI can still get things done every day.

Cognitioncognition
Memory Problems and Tips

Short-term memory loss is very common after a brain injury – thankfully there are plenty of coping strategies available. Typical situations include forgetting people’s names, losing a train of thought, getting lost at the shops, repeating or forgetting past conversations, misplacing objects and difficulty learning new skills.

Cognitioncognition
Mental Health & Brain Injury

The effects of brain injury and mental illness can look very similar, which is why understanding the relationship between the two is important for individuals to advocate for themselves and for medical professionals to make accurate diagnoses.

Mental Health & Brain Injury (Spanish)

The effects of brain injury and mental illness can look very similar, which is why understanding the relationship between the two is important for individuals to advocate for themselves and for medical professionals to make accurate diagnoses.

Model of Cognitive-Communication Competence: A Model to Guide Evidence-Based Communication Interventions after Brain Injury

Models of Rehabilitation

Neuro-Optometric Rehabilitation

Neurobehavioral Abnormalities Associated with Executive Functioning after TBI

Neuropsychological Evaluations

Diagnosing a brain injury is not always as simple as getting a scan or picture of the brain. This is why something like a neuropsychological evaluation can help pinpoint the issues someone is having, what it causing it, and how to treat it effectively.

Pain Dashboard

PH 29 Pain Dashboard (TBICDS) …

Post-Concussion Symptom Checklist

This checklist can be used to understand the extent of an individual’s post concussion symptoms. …

Post-Concussion Syndrome

Post-concussion syndrome is a complex disorder in which various symptoms — such as headaches and dizziness — last for weeks and sometimes months after the injury that caused the concussion. In most people, symptoms occur within the first seven to 10 days and go away within three months.

Concussionconcussion
Post-Traumatic Stress

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common after a traumatic event that leads to a brain injury (e.g. an assault, a near drowning or a motor vehicle accident). Not all people who sustain a brain injury will experience post-traumatic stress and not all people who develop post-traumatic stress will experience the same severity of symptoms.

Preventing Suicidal Behavior After Traumatic Brain Injury

Problems with Perception of Time after a Brain Injury

After a traumatic brain injury, patients can experience a variety of problems, such as the perception of time. There are steps that can be followed to help with time perception by establishing basic routines, breaking down tasks, and establishing prompts to promote accuracy with time.

Cognitioncognition
Progressive Muscle relaxation

Muscle relaxation can be particularly helpful in cases where anxiety is especially associated to muscle tension. This information sheet will guide you through a common form of relaxation designed to reduce muscle tension.

Rancho Los Amigos Levels of Cog. Functioning Scale: Guide for Family & Friends

This guide will give you and your family helpful information about brain injury recovery. It explains how people with a brain injury recover from a cognitive and behavioral point of view.

REAP The Benefits of Good Concussion Management

The REAP Project which stands for Reduce – Educate – Accommodate – Pace is a …

Respite Resources

Respite is an important tool to assure the primary caregiver is getting a break.

Tips and Toolstips-and-tools
Returning to School After a Concussion: A Fact Sheet For School Professionals

Returning To School After Traumatic Brain Injury

Returning to Studies

Screening for Brain Injury

Seizures After Traumatic Brain Injury

Severe TBI: What to Expect in the Trauma Center, Hospital, and Beyond

This fact sheet explains how a severe TBI affects the injured person, what to expect from a team of doctors and other health care professionals providing care, and how you can support this team and your loved one on his or her road to recovery.

Sexuality After Traumatic Brain Injury

Sleep and Traumatic Brain Injury

Sleepless After Traumatic Brain Injury

Smart Phone Apps: Tips and Tricks for Getting the Most out of Technology

Social and Recreational Activities

Social Skills After Traumatic Brain Injury

Spasticity and Traumatic Brain Injury

Stroke

Successful Aging of Individuals with Brain Injury

The following 10 rules are designed to promote successful aging in TBI survivors. They build upon the Alzheimer Association’s effort to potentially avoid Alzheimer’s disease.

Supporting Independence

Practical Tips for Caregivers to Help Build Independence

Tips and Toolstips-and-tools
Taking Care of Your Child After Their Head’s Been Hurt

There are many ways our child’s head can get hurt. Knowing the signs, symptoms, and …

Taking Care of Yourself After Your Head’s Been Hurt

A fall, a car accident, or any sort of blow or jolt to the head …

TBI & Chronic Pain Part 1

TBI & Chronic Pain Part 2

The Recovery Process

Thinking and Behavior Management Strategies for Caregivers and Professionals

A partnership approach can be an effective way to negotiate solutions to thinking and behavior problems. This means acting as partners in the decision-making process by working together to determine how to solve a problem.

Behaviorbehavior
Tips for Moving A Loved One to Virginia

Are you considering relocating an out-of-state older relative to Virginia? There are many things to consider and prepare for prior to a move, with added special considerations with older adults.

Traumatic Brain Injury and Chronic Pain: Part 1

Traumatic Brain Injury and Chronic Pain: Part 2

Traumatic Brain Injury and Domestic Violence Facts for Providers

Traumatic Brain Injury & Domestic Violence Quick Guide

Traumatic Brain Injury Facts: TBI & Older Adults

Treating Depression Following TBI: A Summary for Clinicians

Treating Depression Following Traumatic Brain Injury – A Summary for Clinicians

Many different biological and psychosocial factors contribute to depression after TBI and basic questions remain about which treatment approaches are most effective. This summary describes findings from a systematic review conducted to evaluate the evidence supporting different treatments for depression after TBI.

Treating Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury

This Advisory briefly summarizes key elements of TBI and describe its relevance to behavioral health, including recommendations for how behavioral health professionals can better meet the needs of patients who have a history of TBI.

Types, Roles, and Services of Professionals

There are many types of health care professionals who specialize in different things that can be helpful for people with brain injuries so it’s important to know who and what to look for when needing treatment.

Understanding Brain Injury: A Guide for Employers

Employers are required to provide reasonable accommodation to help any employee with a disability achieve vocational success. This publication supports the intent of the law and provides employers with a guide for successful integration of employees who have brain injuries into the workplace.

Understanding TBI – Brain Injury Impact on Individuals’ Functioning

A brain injury may cause different problems, depending upon which parts of the brain were damaged most. There are three general types of problems that can happen after TBI: physical, cognitive and emotional/ behavioral problems.

Understanding TBI – What Happens During injury and Early Stages of Recovery

Updated Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Guideline for Adults

VCU Resilience & Adjustment Research Study

Virginia Commonwealth University researchers are seeking adults with traumatic brain injuries to be part of a research study. We are evaluating the helpfulness of an outpatient rehabilitation program to help people adjust to having a brain injury.

Vision Problems After Traumatic Brain Injury

Ways to Improve Your Memory – Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI)

Coping skills and strategies to help improve memory following concussion.

Cognitioncognition
What is Biofeedback?

What is Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Health?

What is Vestibular Rehabilitation?

What to Know When Assisting a Consumer with a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

This fact sheet is intended to help Navigators identify what issues are unique to consumers with TBI.

When Your Patient is Living with Brain Injury

Working with Individuals with Brain Injury – A Professional’s Guide

Brain injury can be difficult to diagnose, but knowing how to identify and work with an individual who has sustained a brain injury can lead to a more productive relationship with them. This tip sheet is intended to offer information on screening for possible brain injury and provide strategies for engaging an individual in an appropriate plan of care.