Brain Injury Statistics

Brain Injury Facts for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Based on the most recent data:

  • There were approximately 223,135 TBI-related hospitalizations in 2019* and 64,362 TBI-related deaths in 2020.1
    • This represents more than 611 TBI-related hospitalizations and 176 TBI-related deaths per day.
    • These estimates do not include the many TBIs that are only treated in the emergency department, primary care, urgent care, or those that go untreated.2
  • People age 75 years and older had the highest numbers and rates of TBI-related hospitalizations* and deaths.1 This age group accounts for about 32% of TBI-related hospitalizations and 28% of TBI-related deaths.
  • Males were nearly two times more likely to be hospitalized (79.9 age-adjusted rate versus 43.7) * and three times more likely to die1 from a TBI than females (28.3 versus 8.4).
  • Children (birth to 17 years old) had 16,070 TBI-related hospitalizations* in 2019 and 2,774 TBI-related deaths1 in 2020.

*This rate was calculated using the weighted number of hospitalizations with a primary diagnosis of injury (ICD-10-CM diagnosis codes S00–S99; T07–T34; T36–T50 with a 6th character of 1, 2, 3, or 4; T36.9, T37.9, T39.9, T41.4, T42.7, T43.9, T45.9, T47.9, or T49.9 with a 5th character of 1, 2, 3, or 4; T51–T76; T79; O9A.2–O9A.5; T84.04; or M97) and an ICD-10-CM diagnosis code for an initial medical encounter of TBI (S02.0. S02.1–, S02.80–S02.82, S02.91, S04.02, S04.03–, S04.04–, S06–, S07.1, T74.4) in any diagnosis field and dividing it by the corresponding civilian non-institutionalized population per 100,000. Data source: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project’s National Inpatient Sample. 2019.