Physical Health Resources

Balance After Traumatic Brain Injury

People with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often have problems with balance. About half of people with TBI have dizziness and loss of balance at some point in their recovery.

Balance and Dizziness After Brain Injury

Dizziness and balance problems are common after a brain injury. This can result in problems with movement even when there is no loss of function in the limbs themselves.


Epilepsy is a chronic condition produced by temporary changes in the electrical function of the brain, causing seizures which affect awareness, movement, or sensation. Epilepsy has a close relationship with traumatic brain injury and other brain disorders.

Evidence-based Guideline for Families and Caregivers: Disorders of Consciousness

This guideline looked at the evidence mainly for people with a disorder of consciousness lasting 28 days or longer after a brain injury. For these people, health outcomes differ greatly.

Facts About the Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States

This factsheet defines and explains the different types of changes in consciousness that can occur after severe brain injury.

Fall Prevention for Adults

Falls are a leading cause of traumatic brain injury. This resource has tips for maintaining a healthy lifestyle and keeping your home safe to help prevent falls.

Fatigue and Lack of Motivation

Fatigue is a very common outcome after acquiring a brain injury due to the many tiny sites of damage throughout the brain. It is different to the yawning and sleepy feeling of normal fatigue.

Fatigue and Traumatic Brain Injury

Fatigue is a very common problem among all people with TBI. Studies of people with TBI found that between 37% and 98% of them said they had some kind of fatigue.

Headaches after Traumatic Brain Injury

Did you know that there are different kinds of headaches and migraines? This article explains what the different types mean for you and your health.

Headaches and Brain Injury

Headaches are a common and often persistent problem after acquiring a brain injury. Headaches can arise after damage to different structures both inside and outside the head.

Hearing Problems After A Brain Injury

A brain injury can damage both mechanical and neurological processes and result in a variety of hearing difficulties. Accurate diagnosis and treatment are essential.

Loss of Smell or Taste After Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause problems with smell and taste. Loss of smell is often the cause of loss of taste after TBI.

Rancho Los Amigos Levels of Cog. Functioning Scale: Guide for Family & Friends

This guide will give you and your family helpful information about brain injury recovery. It explains how people with a brain injury recover from a cognitive and behavioral point of view.

Seizures After Traumatic Brain Injury

Although most people with a TBI will never have a seizure, 1 out of 10 people who were hospitalized after a TBI will have seizures. It’s good to know what a seizure is and what to do if you have one.

Sleep and Traumatic Brain Injury

Sleep disturbances and disorders occur more often for persons with brain injury but there are ways to manage these symptoms to promote better sleep and overall health.

Spasticity and Traumatic Brain Injury

Spasticity is the uncontrolled tightening (increased muscle tone) caused by disrupted signals from the brain. It is common in persons with severe brain injuries (TBI).

TBI and Chronic Pain Comic Part 1: Life with Chronic Pain

This comic details what chronic pain can look life after TBI and some pain management and coping strategies for PWBI.

TBI and Chronic Pain Comic Part 3: Managing Spasticity

This comic explains what spasticity is and potential spasticity management strategies.

TBI and Chronic Pain Comic Part 4: Pain and Anxiety

This comic explains the relationship that can develop between chronic pain and anxiety and finding ways to deal with it.

TBI and Chronic Pain Comic Part 2: Co-occurring Injury and Pain

This comic details the experience of dealing with multiple injuries including TBI and some potential strategies to help adjust.

Traumatic Brain Injury and Chronic Pain: Part 1

This factsheet will help you understand the common causes and symptoms of chronic pain for people with traumatic brain injury.

Traumatic Brain Injury and Chronic Pain: Part 2

This factsheet will explain some of the more common ways people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) manage chronic pain without the use of medication.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) & Headaches: A Comic

This comic strip explains the prevalence of headaches within the TBI population, the types of headaches, and how to manage headaches triggers using a headache diary.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) & Sleep: A Comic

This comic strip explains the effects of TBI on sleep, common sleep disorders, how to get help and what that may look like, and sleep management strategies.

Vision Problems After Traumatic Brain Injury

Depending on its location and severity, a TBI can affect your vision by damaging parts of the brain involved in visual processing and/or perception (e.g., cranial nerves, optic nerve tract or other circuitry involved in vision, occipital lobe).