|Balance After Traumatic Brain Injury|
People with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often have problems with balance. About half of people with TBI have dizziness and loss of balance at some point in their recovery.
|Balance and Dizziness After Brain Injury|
Dizziness and balance problems are common after a brain injury. This can result in problems with movement even when there is no loss of function in the limbs themselves.
Dizziness may be used to describe a swaying sensation, or a feeling of weakness, faintness, light-headedness or unsteadiness. Dizziness is a very common complaint after acquiring a brain injury for a number of reasons.
Epilepsy is a chronic condition produced by temporary changes in the electrical function of the brain, causing seizures which affect awareness, movement, or sensation. Epilepsy has a close relationship with traumatic brain injury and other brain disorders.
|Evidence-based Guideline for Families and Caregivers: Disorders of Consciousness|
This guideline looked at the evidence mainly for people with a disorder of consciousness lasting 28 days or longer after a brain injury. For these people, health outcomes differ greatly.
|Facts About the Vegetative and Minimally Conscious States|
This factsheet defines and explains the different types of changes in consciousness that can occur after severe brain injury.
|Fall Prevention for Adults|
Falls are a leading cause of traumatic brain injury. This resource has tips for maintaining a healthy lifestyle and keeping your home safe to help prevent falls.
A nearly universal complaint that people have with head injury is fatigue. This article details the two types of fatigue: physical fatigue and mental fatigue.
|Fatigue and Lack of Motivation|
Fatigue is a very common outcome after acquiring a brain injury due to the many tiny sites of damage throughout the brain. It is different to the yawning and sleepy feeling of normal fatigue.
|Fatigue and Traumatic Brain Injury|
Fatigue is a very common problem among all people with TBI. Studies of people with TBI found that between 37% and 98% of them said they had some kind of fatigue.
Fatigue following TBI has also been found to significantly impact well-being and quality of life, and is strongly associated with somatic symptoms and perceived situational stress.
|Headaches after Traumatic Brain Injury|
Headache is one of the most common symptoms after traumatic brain injury (often called “post-traumatic headache”). Over 30% of people report having headaches which continue long after injury.
|Headaches and Brain Injury|
Headaches are a common and often persistent problem after acquiring a brain injury. Headaches can arise after damage to different structures both inside and outside the head.
|Hearing Problems After A Brain Injury|
A brain injury can damage both mechanical and neurological processes and result in a variety of hearing difficulties. Accurate diagnosis and treatment are essential.
|Loss of Smell or Taste After Traumatic Brain Injury|
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause problems with smell and taste. Loss of smell is often the cause of loss of taste after TBI.
|Rancho Los Amigos Levels of Cog. Functioning Scale: Guide for Family & Friends|
This guide will give you and your family helpful information about brain injury recovery. It explains how people with a brain injury recover from a cognitive and behavioral point of view.
|Seizures After Traumatic Brain Injury|
Although most people with a TBI will never have a seizure, 1 out of 10 people who were hospitalized after a TBI will have seizures. It’s good to know what a seizure is and what to do if you have one.
|Sleep and Traumatic Brain Injury|
A review of sleep disorder studies and surveys suggest that sleep disorders are three times more common in TBI patients than in the general population and that nearly 60% of people with TBI experience long-term difficulties with sleep.
|Sleepless After Traumatic Brain Injury|
Because sleep is a complex process that involves many parts of the brain, a variety of sleep disturbances are seen after brain injury, depending on the site and extent of injury. Surveys of the population suggest that insomnia is more often found in people who have experienced a TBI than in the general population.
|Spasticity and Traumatic Brain Injury|
Spasticity is the uncontrolled tightening (increased muscle tone) caused by disrupted signals from the brain. It is common in persons with severe brain injuries (TBI).
|TBI and Chronic Pain Comic Part 1: Life with Chronic Pain|
This comic details what chronic pain can look life after TBI and some pain management and coping strategies for PWBI.
|TBI and Chronic Pain Comic Part 3: Managing Spasticity|
This comic explains what spasticity is and potential spasticity management strategies.
|TBI and Chronic Pain Comic Part 4: Pain and Anxiety|
This comic explains the relationship that can develop between chronic pain and anxiety and finding ways to deal with it.
|TBI and Chronic Pain Comic Part 2: Co-occurring Injury and Pain|
This comic details the experience of dealing with multiple injuries including TBI and some potential strategies to help adjust.
|Traumatic Brain Injury and Chronic Pain: Part 1|
This factsheet will help you understand the common causes and symptoms of chronic pain for people with traumatic brain injury.
|Traumatic Brain Injury and Chronic Pain: Part 2|
This factsheet will explain some of the more common ways people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) manage chronic pain without the use of medication.
|Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) & Headaches: A Comic|
This comic strip explains the prevalence of headaches within the TBI population, the types of headaches, and how to manage headaches triggers using a headache diary.
|Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) & Sleep: A Comic|
This comic strip explains the effects of TBI on sleep, common sleep disorders, how to get help and what that may look like, and sleep management strategies.
|Vision Problems After Traumatic Brain Injury|
Depending on its location and severity, a TBI can affect your vision by damaging parts of the brain involved in visual processing and/or perception (e.g., cranial nerves, optic nerve tract or other circuitry involved in vision, occipital lobe).