The inability to recall what someone has said or an activity that was just completed is highly frustrating. This type of memory, called short-term memory, is most commonly impaired following a brain injury. Short-term memory is the ability to store and recall information within a short period of time ( a few minutes to a few hours). Long-term memory refers to the ability to retain and recall information stored for long periods of time (days to years).
The most common challenges with memory following brain injury include:
Emotions and memory are very closely tied together. Associating an emotion with a particular individual, location, or task may help the person recall it better. On the flip side, negative emotions can evoke strong responses from memory, such as those triggered with PTSD.
Accommodating the Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury created by the Ohio Valley Center for Brain Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation at Ohio State University (all rights reserved).